The Epistle to the Galatians

Christian Liberty

“Magna Carta” of Christian liberty

The Christian’s Declaration of Independence

The New Covenant Explained



        In Scripture - 1:1; 1:13-24;         6:11

        In History

Unchallenged since the beginning

Contained in all lists as Pauline

Quoted by: Ireneus, Clement of Alexandria, Eusebius

Impact in History

Martine Luther:

“The Epistle to the Galatians is my epistle; I have betrothed myself to it; it is my wife.”


Issue of to whom and not by whom = North versus South Galatia

                North is ethnic Galatia

                South is provincial Galatia (Maps, 383)

Passed ethnic Galatia on the 2nd journey - Acts 16:6

Paul didn’t visit the north until his         3rd journey – if then! (*MAPS & Pictures*)

Date: 49AD (see Maps, 363)

From Antioch, Syria  to Southern Galatian churches

No reference to the “Jerusalem Letter”

Fits with “so quickly” 1:6


Churches in Southern province of Galatia - 1:2 = Psidian Antioch, Iconium, Lystra, Derbe

Visited twice on first journey

Visited again with letter from the Jerusalem council


Judaizers corrupting the churches

Circular letter on the subject

Limiting the liberty of believers by the Law - 5:1

Accusing Paul of antinomianism


Defend their liberty

Defend his apostleship

Defend the gospel

Defend its origins

Purpose & Key Verse

To encourage them to live by the gospel in love under the Holy Spirit and not the Law

Galatians 5:1- It was for freedom that Christ set us free; therefore keep standing firm and do not be subject again to a yoke of slavery.

The Question = How does one become right with God?

Faith in Christ Alone or Faith in Christ plus Circumcision?

Style of Writing

I am amazed that you are so quickly deserting Him (1:6).

If any man is preaching to you a gospel contrary to what you received, he is to be accursed! (1:9).

 You foolish Galatians, who has bewitched you? (3:1).

Are you so foolish? (3:3).

I wish that those who are troubling you would even mutilate themselves (5:12).

Romans                                Galatians

Calm reflection                        Passionate/emotional

Christianity in the Study                Christianity in the Battlefield

Latter Epistle                                Early Epistle

Justification by faith                        Justification by faith

set forth systematically                defended from attacks

Our Constitution                        Our Declaration of Independence

Paul and Jerusalem

Paul’s Gospel did not come from Jerusalem (Chapter 1)

Paul’s Gospel did not change in Jerusalem (2:1-10)

Paul’s gospel was not changed by Jerusalem when they came to Antioch (2:11-16)

Who has bewitched you? And other good questions.= 3:1-6

Salvation is through faith…3:6-4:31

- Abraham, the Law, Covenant Promise, Tutors, Adoption, Friendship, Scripture

If you are free…5:1-6:10

Content of Galatians

Greeting - 1:1 – 5

Establishes authority immediately

Establishes Gospel immediately

Rebuke - 1:6 – 10

For desertion

Singular claim of the gospel

Apostolic authority - 1:11 – 2:21

History or credentials

Effect of his apologetic

Justification in Christ alone is

Confirmed @ Jerusalem Council

Paul rebukes Peter publicly

Justification by Faith 3:1 – 4:31

Logic - Abraham’s example

Logic - Personal history

Allegory of Hagar

Importance of OT examples in combating Judaizers

Liberty in Christ - 5:1 – 6:10

Call to liberty

Outworking of the Spirit’s control

Exhortations to sharing the burdens of liberty

Concluding remarks - 6:11 - 18

Key verses in Galatians

1:4-5; 8-9 (2 Corinthians 11:4)


3:3; 22


5:1; 13-14; 22-23

6:1; 7-9; 14

The Epistles to the Thessalonians

Encouragement & Hope In The Return of Jesus Christ

An Encouraging Expectancy (Map & pictures)

Authorship: = Paul

Date 51AD

Origin: Corinth - Acts 18:11 - Second missionary journey

Destination: Thessalonica, Macedonia - Acts 17:1-9

Paul founded the church there

Strong Jewish opposition - Acts 17:13

Internal evidence

        Church organization is primitive

        Writer expects the “parousia”  - I Thess. 4:15

        Address is to Gentiles - Acts 17:5

Two journeys of Timothy and Silas (Silvanus)  - Acts 17:16; 18:5

External evidence

        Inclusions: Marcion, Muratorian, Old Latin, Old Syriac

        Quotations: Irenaeus, Turtullian, Clement of Alexandria

Readers for the two letters

Recent converts

Citizens of provincial capitol

Free city

Use of “politarch”- Acts 17:6 & 8

God fearing Greeks I Thess. 1:9

Under intense, organized  Jewish persecution

Occasion for the letters

I Thessalonians         -    Jewish persecution - 1:6; 2:2; 3:3

  1. False eschatology - 4:13-5:11

II Thessalonians         -    False eschatology - 1:6; 2:2

Intent for the Letters

I Thessalonians = Encourage with hope

II Thessalonians = Correct the doctrine of future things

Purpose & Key verse

I Thessalonians = To build them up after his brief visit & 1:9-10

II Thessalonians = To give an accurate hope for the future & 2:15

Characteristics of both letters

Intimacy of Paul with his converts = I Thess. 2:7,11; II Thess. 1:4; 3:17

Eschatology established

Early in church growth = II Thess. 2:5, 13f

Witness value of the letters = within 20 years of the resurrection

Content: I Thessalonians

Greeting & encouragement - 1:1-10

Confession for encouragement - 2:1-3:13

Instruction for encouragement - 4:1-5:11

Exhortations for encouragement - 5:12-18

I Thessalonians 1

Address - 1:1

Remembrances - 1:2-10

I Thessalonians 2 - 3

Paul’s past love - 2:1-16

Paul’s continued anxiety - 2:16-3:5

Paul’s present relief - 3:6-13

I Thessalonians 4:1-5:11

Conduct - 4:1-12

Hope for the future - 4:13-18

Encouragement toward the future  - 5:1-11

I Thessalonians 5:12-28

How to relate in the church - 5:12 - 22

Greetings - 5:23-28

Chapter 1                A shared salvation history                         What God has done

Chapters 2-3                Paul’s ministry in Thessalonica                in our lives

Chapter 4                Exhortation to walk in a worthy manner        How we are to live as a result of

Chapter 5                Living in light of Christ’s return                what God has done

Matthew 24                                                1 Thessalonians 4

They will see the Son of man coming                For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven...

... (24:30).                                                (4:16).

He will send forth His angels with a                 With the trumpet of God... (4:16).

great trumpet (24:31).

And they will gather together His elect                 We who are alive shall be caught up together...

from the four winds... (24:31).                        (4:16).

…coming on the CLOUDS of the sky                We... shall be caught up together with them in

... (24:30).                                                CLOUDS (4:17).

Key verses in I Thessalonians

1:9-10; 2:11-12; 3:4; 4:13-18; 5:9-10; 5:23

Content of II Thessalonians


Address 1:1-2

God’s plan in persecution - 1:3 - 12

DAY OF THE LORD – 2:1-17

Correction of false teaching - 2:1-12

Blessing and benediction - 2:13-16


Gospel spreads before persecution - 3:1-5

Church must be orderly - 3:6-15

Signing off - 3:16-18

Key verses in 2nd Thessalonians

1:4-5; 1:6-10; 2:8-12; 2:16-17 & 3:5