The Epistles to the Corinthians

The New Covenant Explained

Corinth

Destroyed in 146 BC(E?) by Rome

Rebuilt as Roman Colony in 44 BC

Capital of province of Achaia

Built on the Peloponnesian isthmus

At the base of The Acrocorinth = 1,886 ft. steep mountain

With the temple of Aphrodite on top

Renowned for its:

        Ports – access to the Adriatic & Aegean Seas (about 7 miles across)

        Bronze art

        Wealth

        Wanton Sexuality = “To live like a Corinthian”

Corinth

A melting pot of many peoples.

Pagan cults.

Trend to glorify the scientific and philosophical and to ridicule the spiritual.

Author, Paul

“We believe that the letters ascribed to Paul were written by him in the course of the ministry as described in Acts or in the course of events which followed his imprisonment ….”

Internal Evidence for Both

The Style

The Words

The People

The Relationships

External Evidence for Both

The Correlation with “The Acts of the Apostles”

Universal early acceptance included in all the “collections”

Paul’s relationship with the Corinthians

Founder of the church - Acts 18

Brief visit to Corinth - II Cor. 12:14

Titus returns & meets Paul in Macedonia - II Cor. 2:12-13; 7:6-7

Paul writes 2nd Corinthians - delivered by Titus 8:6, 16-18

(4th Corinthians? – 2:4)

Paul visits Corinth - Acts 20:3 and writes Romans

Origin of 1st Corinthians

Written from Ephesus - 16:8 & 19

Third missionary journey - Acts 19:10

Spring of 54-56AD = Letter #2 – 5:9

Intent  of 1st Corinthians:

        Correct reported problems

        Answer questions

Characteristics of I Corinthians

Variety of issues

Organized around reports & questions - (Nelsons Maps – 372)

Mostly practical

Simple style

Content I Corinthians                         Introduction - 1:1-9

Divisions in the Church  - 1:10-4:21

Declaration

Condemnation

Sins in the Church - 5:1-6:20

Loose Morals & No Discipline

Lawsuits

Immorality

Problems in the Church - 7:1-15:58

Marriage

Doubtful Things

Worship & Ministry

Resurrection

Conclusion - 16:1-24

Highlights & Key Passages

1 Corinthians 1:18, 30-31

1 Corinthians 3:7

1 Corinthians 4:2

1 Corinthians 6:19-20

1 Corinthians 10:4

1 Corinthians 10:12-13

1 Corinthians 12 & 13

Origin of 2nd Corinthians

From Macedonia (Philippi?)

        after Titus brought news from Corinth - 2:12-13; 7:5-7,13-15

Written 6 to 18 months after 1st Corinthians

55-57 AD

Intent of 2nd Corinthians:

        Defend his ministry

        Secure the gift for the saints

Characteristics of 2nd  Corinthians

More emotional style

Many digressions

Most autobiographical & most self-revealing

Content of 2nd Corinthians

Introduction - 1:1-11

Personal Testimony - 1:12-2:13

True Ministry - 2:14-6:10

Exhortations - 6:11-7:16

Instructions About Giving - 8:2-9:15

Defense of His Ministry - 10:1-13:10

Conclusion - 13:1-14

Highlights – Key Passages

2 Corinthians 1:3-4

2 Corinthians 2:14-17

2 Corinthians 3:4-8

2 Corinthians 5:9-21

2 Corinthians 8:9

2 Corinthians 9:6-7

2 Corinthians 12:9-10