The Gospel According to

JOHN

Jesus - The Son of God

Authorship in Scripture

Jew

Thought in Aramaic / wrote in Greek

Familiar with Jewish tradition - 1:19 – 28; 21: 7

Acquainted with Palestine - 9:7; 11:18; 18:1

John was an eye witness - Details 2:6; 4:6; 12:3 – 5

                From the beginning 1:14,15

                        Disciple of JtB

                To the end 19:23 – 35

“the disciple whom Jesus loved”

Authorship in History

The Church has never wavered

Eusebius:

“His gospel which is known to all the churches under heaven,

must be acknowledged as genuine.”

Irenaeus :

“Afterwards, John the disciple of the Lord, who also had leaned upon His breast,

did himself publish a gospel during his residence at Ephesus in Asia.”

Personal Characteristics

Fisherman - Mark 1:19

Acquaintance of Priest’s house - John 18:15

Called by Jesus - Luke 5:1-11

                John 1:37 - 39

In Crowd

Spectator of special events

Transfiguration

Raising of Jairus’ daughter

Resurrection        

Three appearances in Acts - Chapter 1,3 & 4

Temper, jealous & selfish ambition  - Mark 3:17; 10:35 – 40 ; Luke 9:45, 49

Date

The Synoptics are known

Papyri indicate late first century circulation

About 90AD  - (Benware, 85 to 95AD)

Origin: Ephesus

Occasion

Intent

To strengthen the core of the faith -

“…believe that Jesus is the son of God.”

To provide a beneficial experience of the truth –

“…believing you may have life in His name.”

Purpose

Clement, “…at the instance of his disciples
                          and with the inspiration of the Spirit composed a spiritual Gospel.”

20:30 – 31 Key Verses

The material is limited by the purpose

It maintains an elevated Christology

Readers

Imminent persecution by Domitian 93 AD

Imminent & current heresy: Gnosticism

Whole gentile church in general

Ephesus in particular

Connection with Synoptics

The Synoptics leave some questions unanswered

John fills in answers

Beyond communion to union  - John 15

Mary

The nature of Jesus John 1

Similarities

John the Baptist - Feeding 5000 - Confession of Peter

Denial by Peter - Triumphal entry - Last meal

92% Unique Material

Characteristics of the Gospel

Birth Narrative - John 1:1 – 18 - In the beginning was the Word

                He was

                He was with God

                He was God

                The Word became flesh

 “Divine encounters”

                - Jtb & disciples

                - Nicodemus

                - woman at the well

More Talk & Less movement

Jesus went to feasts 10:22

                        3 or 4 Passovers

                        1 or 2 Tabernacles

                        1 Dedication

                27 interviews

7 “I AM” Statements - Nelson’s page 334

23 times = “I AM” (Exodus 3:14) John 8:58-59

- The Bread of Life – 6:35,41,48.51

- The Light of the World – 8:12

- The Door of the Sheep – 10:7-9

- The Good Shepherd – 10:11,14

- The Resurrection & Life – 11:25

- The Way, Truth & Life – 14:6

- The True Vine – 15:1,5

Characteristics of the Gospel

Organized around 7 signs - Nelson’s page 343

- 2:1-12                - 4:46-54        - 5:1-17        

- 6:1-14                - 6:15-21        - 9:1-41        - 11:17-45

Organized in 5 Groups with Interviews in between

Group one - 2:11 – 4:54

Sign: Water to wine

                                Cleanses the Temple

                                Interviews Nicodemus

                                Interviews Woman at the well

Sign: Healing nobleman’s son

Group two - 5:1 – 6:14

Sign: Healing at the Pool of Bethesda

                                Man reports

                                Jesus’ interview and discourse

Sign: Feeding 5000

Group three - 6:15 – 8:57

Sign: Walking on the Sea

                                Seekers & Dialogue on food

                                Back to Jerusalem in temple

                                Adulterous woman

                                Interview with Pharisees

“I am” rejected

Group four - 9:1 – 10:42

Sign: Sight to blind man

                                Council interviews

                                Jesus interviews the man

                                Good Shepherd dialogue

Group five - 11:1 – 57

Interviews before raising Lazarus

Sign: Raising Lazarus 11:41 - 44

                                Plot to kill Jesus

INTRODUCTION - 1:1-51

PRESENTATION TO THE NATION - 2:1-12:50

INSTRUCTION TO THE DISCIPLES - 13:1-17:26

REDEMPTION TO THE WORLD - 18:1-19:16

REVELATION TO THE BELIEVERS - 20:1-21:25

Key verses:

John 3:16-17

John 14:1-6

John 17:17

John 20:30-31

John 10:10