The Gospel According to Luke

The Master Teacher - The Son of Man - The Perfect Man

The Author:  Luke

Writes to Theophilus (Greek) = “God’s Friend”

Greek speaking, non-Jewish culture

Full recognition by second century.

Luke & the Book Acts = 28% of NT

Date of writing: After 60AD & Before 70AD

(Benware between 58 & 63AD)

Investigation done while Paul in prison in Caesarea

Paul makes it to Rome

Between 1st and 2nd imprisonment

Over laps Mark’s presence in Rome

Assumed acquaintance with Mark’s Gospel

Occasion for writing

Historical accuracy 1:1

Theophilus’ need 1:4

Theophilus is prototype of the church

Understanding the work of the Holy Spirit in the church

Consistency with Acts

Luke in History

Gentile from Antioch

Converted in Acts 11:19-21

Discipled under Barnabas and Saul

Physician Col. 4:14 (possibly studied at Tarsus)

Luke’s movements

Acts 16:10 – 40 (“we”) - Stayed on at Philippi

Acts 20:5-28:31(“we”)

Col. 4:14; Philemon 24 (knew Mark)

Observations from Luke

Longest & most personal Parables.

Good Samaritan

Rich man & Lazarus

Prodigal Son

Unjust Steward

35/51 parables in Luke

19 unique to Luke (Benware – 101)

Miracles Unique to Luke

20/36 in Luke

7 only found in Luke

(Benware – 100)

Events Unique to Luke

                  = 28 (Benware – 102)

Luke is a Historian

His historical notations include mention of

   the various Caesars and the local governors.  - 2:1-2; 3:1-2, 23

He seeks to relate an  “accurate account” 1:1-4

Genealogy

                   Goes back to Adam - “son of God”

                   Birth and Childhood narratives

Table-talks of Jesus

19 meals are mentioned in Luke

13 are unique to Luke’s Gospel

Luke & the Samaritans

Disciples and the Samaritans (9:51-56)

Parable of the Good Samaritan (10:29-37)

Healing of the ten lepers (17:11-19)

Luke & Women

Luke views the birth of Jesus from Mary’s perspective

Luke describes the raising of the widow’s son (7:11-17)

Jesus anointed by a sinful woman (7:36-50)

Luke mentions that the ministry of Jesus
                was supported by women (8:1-3)

Mary & Martha (10:38-42)

Jesus speaks to “daughters of Jerusalem” (23:27-29)

Women at the empty tomb (24:1-10)

Luke mentions 13 women not found in the other Gospels.

Luke & Children

7:12 – dead son & widowed mom

8:42 – an only daughter

9:38 – my son, my only

18:15 – “infants” for blessing

Social relations with Pharisees

7:36-50 – woman washes His feet

11:37-44 – no ceremonial washing

14:1-4 – heals on the Sabbath

Emphasis on Prayer

9 prayers of Jesus 7 in Luke only

                3:21; 5:16; 6:12; 9:18, 28; 10:21; 11:1; 22:41; 23:46

Emphasis on the Holy Spirit

1:15 = JtB

1:35 = Mary & coception

1:41,67 = JtB’s parents

2:25-27 = Simeon

3:16 = Jesus’ ministry

3:22 = Jesus’ Baptism…

Emphasis on joy

1:14 = JtB’s birth

1:44 = Elizabeth & JtB

1:47 = Mary

10:21 = Jesus at the return of 70

15 = found sheep, coin & son

Emphasis on songs

Magnificat = 1:46-55 - Mary

Benedictus = 1:68-79 - Zach

Gloria in Excelsis = 2:14 - angels

Nunc Dimittus = 2:29-32 - Simeon

PROLOGUE (1:1-4)

COMING OF THE SON OF MAN(1:5-4:13)

His Entrance – 1:5-2:52

His Presentation – 3:1-4:13

MINISTRY OF THE SON OF MAN (4:14-9:50)

Ministry Begins – 4:14-30

Authority Demonstrated – 4:31-6:11

Disciples Chosen – 6:12-49

Multifaceted Ministry – 7:1-9:50

MINISTRY IN TIMES OF REJECTION OF THE SON OF MAN (9:51-19:27)

Final Journey to Jerusalem – 9:51-62

Instructions in View of Rejection – 10:1-19:27

SUFFERING & SACRIFICE OF THE SON OF MAN (19:28-23:56)

Triumphal Entry – 19:28-44

Debates with Leaders – 19:45-21:38

Betrayal & Arrest – 22:1-54

Trials – 22:55-23:25

Death – 23:26-56

FINAL AUTHENTICATION OF THE SON OF MAN (24:1-53)

Empty Tomb– 24:1-12

Emmaus Disciples– 24:13-35

Resurrection Appearances– 24:36-49

Ascension into Heaven – 24:50-53

Key Verse:

Luke 19:10

For the Son of man has come
       to seek and to save that which was lost.